January 28

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DAY 26: #31DayAspiringPolyglot Challenge – Learning Persian (Fārsī)

“I need the seasons to live to the rhythm of rain and sun.”

Sophie Marceau

Gregorian Calendar vs Iranian Solar Hijri Calendar

There I was minding my own business and looking up the days of the week when I came across the Iranian Solar Hijri Calendar. It is also called the Shamsi Hijri Calendar. Instead of months like the traditional Gregorian calendar you and I are used to, it is decided by astronomical calculation for the Iran Standard Time meridian (52.5° E; UTC+03:30). Each time period corresponds to a zodiac sign with the New Year (Nowruz) always falling on the vernal equinox.

For example: January 26, 2019 AE is written as 6 Bahman 1397 SH

Additionally the week starts on a Saturday and ends on a Friday.

Days of the Week in Persian (Fārsī)

  • شنبه
    • šanbe
    • Saturday
  • یکشنبه
    • yekšanbe
    • Sunday
  • دوشنبه
    • došanbe
    • Monday
  • سهشنبه
    • sešanbe
    • Tuesday
  • چهارشنبه
    • chahâršanbe
    • Wednesday
  • پنجشنبه
    • panjšanbe
    • Thursday
  • جمعه
    • jom’e 
    • Friday

Gregorian Calendar in Persian (Fārsī)

  • ژانوِیه
    • zhānviyah
    • January
  • فِورِیه
    • fivriyah
    • February
  • مارس
    • mārs
    • March
  • آوریل
    • āvrīl
    • April
  • مه
    • mah
    • May
  • ژوئن
    • zhū’in
    • June
  • ژوئیه
    • zhū’iyah
    • July
  • اوت
    • ut
    • August
  • سِپتامبر
    • siptāmbr
    • September
  • سِپتامبر
    • uktubr
    • October
  • نُوامبر
    • nuvāmbr
    • November
  • دِسامبر
    • disāmbr
    • December

Solar Hijri Calendar

  • Aries: March 21st – April 20th
    • فروردین
    • Farvardin (31 Days) – Guardian spirits, souls of the righteous
  • Taurus: April 21st – May 21st
    • اردیبهشت
    • Ordibehesht (31 Days) – Best truth; best righteousness 
  • Gemini: May 22nd – June 21
    • خرداد
    • Khordad (31 Days) – Wholeness; Perfection
  • Cancer: June 22nd – July 22nd
    • تیر
    • Tir (31 Days)  – Sirius
  • Leo: July 23rd – August 22nd 
    • مرداد / امرداد
    • Mordad/Amordad (31 Days) – Immortality
  • Virgo: August 23rd – September 22nd
    • شهریور
    • Shahrivar (31 Days) – Desireable Dominion
  • Libra: September 23rd – October 22nd 
    • مهر
    • Mehr (30 Days) – Covenant
  • Scorpio: October 23rd – November 21st
    • آبان
    • Aban (30 Days) – Waters
  • Sagittarius: November 22nd – December 21st
    • آذر
    • Azar (30 Days) – Fire
  • Capricorn: December 22nd – January 19th
    • دی
    • Dey (30 Days) – The Creator
  • Aquarius: January 20th – February 18th 
    • بهمن
    • Bahman (30 Days) – Good Spirit
  • Pisces: February 19th – March 20th 
    • اسفند / اسپند
    • Esfand / Espand (29/30 Days) – Holy Devotion

Seasons in Persian (Fārsī)

  • بهار
    • bahâr
    • Spring
  • تابستان
    • tâbestân
    • Summer
  • پاییز
    • pâyiz
    • Autumn
  • زمستان
    • zemestân
    • Winter

Other Vocabulary

  • روز
    • rewz
    • day
  • بعدازظهر
    • b'ed az zher
    • afternoon
  • شب
    • sheb
    • evening/night

My Day 26 Worksheet

AE - DAY 26 - WORKSHEET - 31 DAY ASPIRING POLYGLOT CHALLENGE
AE - DAY 26.2 - WORKSHEET - 31 DAY ASPIRING POLYGLOT CHALLENGE
Grammarly Writing Support

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ALLEZ ELIZABETH - DAY 26 PROGRESS - 31 DAY ASPIRING POLYGLOT

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